AFGE demands ‘immediate transfer’ of more than 2,000 employees exposed to hazardous materials at Goodfellow Federal Center


Calls for Congressional investigation over whistleblower retaliation


MULTIPLE INVESTIGATIONS found a large number of hazardous substances at Goodfellow Federal Center. – Darren Townsend/Getty Images

The American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE) is calling for the “immediate transfer” of more than 2,000 federal employees at the multiagency Goodfellow Federal Center in St. Louis, a complex with a history of hazardous materials mismanagement, including lead and asbestos.

AFGE estimates there are 2,400 employees in the complex, which houses offices of the Social Security Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Agriculture Department and the General Services Administration (GSA).

AFGE also is calling for a Congressional investigation over what the union describes as whistleblower retaliation, made evident by internal GSA documents in which management calls for an agency whistleblower to: “receive thorough training, coaching and counseling, for as long as necessary, with the most senior HR representative within the region in attendance, to allow for him to completely understand… the importance of being a team member….

GSA PARTIALLY ADDRESSED lead and asbestos contamination at the Goodfellow Federal Center in St. Louis, but AFGE says the administration has failed to address 81 other hazardous substances in the building. – AFGE photo

“Whistleblower harassment and retaliation should never be tolerated, but GSA management appears to be recommending just that,” AFGE National President J. David Cox Sr. said.

AFGE is demanding multiple actions to address the situation, including:

  • Congressional investigations and possible legal actions to hold all responsible parties accountable
  • Notifying all current and former employees about the hazards to which they were exposed
  • Allowing employees currently working at the center to relocate or work remotely
  • Health care screenings for all current and former employees, workers compensation as appropriate, and back pay for working in a hazardous environment
  • A Government Accountability Office (GAO) study into the root causes for the failure to take remedial action
  • An independent study into whether there are increased incidences of cancer, death, or other health concerns among employees who have worked at the center

The situation at the Goodfellow center stems from an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) report from July 2016, in which inspectors documented several “serious” instances of unsafe working conditions, as well as a follow-up report last March from GSA’s Office of Inspector General.

Repeated testing over the last three years has revealed the building, which dates back to 1941, has traces of 83 hazardous substances potentially harmful to the health of employees who come in contact with them.

GSA conducted its own analysis in November 2016 and found lead, cadmium, arsenic and other heavy metals in the ventilation system.

An air sample analysis performed since then showed that, at the time of the sampling, asbestos and lead were no longer in the air at the facility, but the union says GSA failed to follow OSHA’s recommendation to prevent contaminants from migrating from building basements and tunnels into upstairs offices or show that it has addressed the other 81 hazardous substances in the building.

According to a March 2019 report issued by the GSA Office of Inspector General, GSA’s Public Building Service (PBS) spent over $1.9 million on duplicative environmental sampling and analysis confirming hazards they already knew to be present but “failed to comprehensively address the deficiencies” or properly inform employees of the potential health risks.

The report recommended that PBS prevent the exposure of occupants to hazardous substances, post safety plans where appropriate, maintain a complete repository of all environmental studies, ensure that all such studies are distributed to occupants of the building and take publicly-disclosed action to respond to health and safety studies done at regional facilities.

In a May 24 letter to U.S. Rep. William Lacy Clay (D-Mo.), whose district includes the Goodfellow center, AFGE said: “GSA took away each employee’s right to protect his or her health by ensuring they were not informed of the contamination in the workspace.

“Those hazards have not been eliminated. Employees are still being asked to believe GSA is properly managing the contaminations when they have been chided by their own Inspector General three times in the past nine years for not having an environmental program that protects the safety of their tenants,” the letter states.

The same GSA managers who have failed to act at Goodfellow, AFGE notes, also were admonished by the agency’s Inspector General in 2010 for endangering the health and safety of employees at the Bannister Federal Complex in Kansas City, Mo., where one employee died in 2006.

“GSA has repeatedly shown over the past 20 years that they do not care about [the] safety and health of federal employees,” AFGE’s letter to Clay said.

A whistleblower disclosure AFGE filed with the Office of Special Counsel notes that agency management failed to take proper steps to mitigate known hazards, exposed thousands of employees and possibly their families, and failed to provide proper notification. Reports note that one area of contamination was a child care center.

Signing the letter to Clay were AFGE 9th District National Vice President Michael Kelly and the presidents of four AFGE locals representing federal employees at the Goodfellow Center, including employees of the United States Department of Agriculture, Social Security Administration and Veterans Affairs.

Following the March 2019 Inspector General’s report, GSA established an online reading room and implemented controls to prevent employees from entering hazardous portions of the facility, but AFGE, in its letter to Clay, says the dangers are not limited to the portions of the building with restricted access.

“We also believe employees are still being exposed through regular roof leaks, which continue to bring down ceiling tiles — sometimes directly onto employees’ heads,” the letter said.

Clay’s Communications Director Steven Engelhardt said the Congressman was “in discussion with GSA” about the situation.

PBS has been aware of significant environmental contamination at the Goodfellow complex for decades. The Goodfellow complex is situated on a 62.5-acre, 23 building campus comprised of buildings that were constructed in 1941 by the Department of Defense and were used as an Army Small Arms Munitions Plant during World War II. In 1966, ownership and operation of the complex was transferred from the Army to GSA, which converted the buildings to office space. The complex was added to the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Federal Facility Hazardous Waste Compliance Docket in 1988.

However, according to GSA’s own Office of Inspector General’s report, despite decades-long knowledge of the conditions at the complex, PBS failed to take appropriate action to protect tenants, contractors, and visitors from hazards at the Goodfellow complex or inform them of their exposure to toxic substances.

“We have people who have had health issues and now we’re seeing where these issues may have come from all these years,” said Wil Grant, president of AFGE Local 3354 (Department of Agriculture), which represents 1,500 members working at the complex. “Now we’re seeing GSA has exposed themselves, with their own reporting, to how much risk they have exposed us to all these years.”

Amy O’Rourke, president of AFGE Local 1336 (Social Security Administration) said Local 1336 filed a grievance with Social Security regarding conditions in the building and GSA’s lack of action in 2016, but Kathleen Scully-Hayes, associate chief administrative law judge for the Social Security Administration’s Office of Disability Adjudication and Review, determined that no additional action was needed.

“We have employees with multitudes of health problems,” said O’Rourke, whose members work in Building 110 at the Goodfellow Center.

“We’ve got some people with respiratory issues, fertility issues, brain bleeds, cancers of various forms. When you are exposed to lead dust over the years and those types of materials, it’s going to manifest differently depending on the individual. I cannot prove causation, but I can’t rule it out either.

“Our immediate ask is to get the employees out of there,” O’Rourke said.

Trump administration plan to merge OPM with GSA should give Congress pause

Washington – The Trump administration is planning to dismantle the Office of Personnel Management, the federal agency that oversees the federal government’s civil service, and divide its functions among the Department of Defense (DOD), General Services Administration (GSA) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

GSA could soon take over OPM’s current human resources obligations.

But the American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE), which is calling out GSA’s failure to adequately respond or inform employees of hazardous materials contamination at the Goodfellow Federal Center in St. Louis and similar problems at GSA’s Bannister Federal Complex in Kansas City, Mo., (See related story on Page 1) says GSA’s repeated failure to uphold its mission and properly protect the well-being of workers and visitors at federal buildings should give Congress pause as it considers the Trump administration’s proposal to make GSA responsible for administering all human resources functions governmentwide.

“GSA is incapable of protecting the health and safety of employees working in federal buildings, yet somehow the Trump administration thinks this agency can take on the added responsibility of administering the government’s pay and leave policies and other HR functions,” said AFGE National President J. David Cox Sr. “Congress must not reward GSA for flouting federal laws and allowing workers to spend years in a toxic workplace.”


  1. Thank you, Thank you, Thank you Tim Rowden for bringing much needed attention to the unsafe environment at the Federal Center in St. Louis on Goodfellow. I was a consultant for Unisys and one of the many individuals who were negatively impacted by working at this facility. After some discussion with my husband, Mark Kistner (IBEW Local #1) he convinced me to contact OSHA about my health issues as well as others around me. I reached out to OSHA back on April 20, 2016 requesting that they conduct some screening because I had concerns that either mold or asbestos or both were present in the workplace building 105 (where I was located at the time). I mentioned that there have been putrid smells in the building throughout the year causing myself and other colleagues various health issues such as: vomiting onsite into cube trash can (I experienced several times a week) and for some the smells cause loss of appetite and some individuals experienced migraines that were so severe that those individuals literally had to go home shortly after arriving at the workplace. There were other one-off types of afflictions, such as weeping eyes that were not explainable by a general physician, two eye specialist and an allergist — the only thing they could each say was “Where do you work, because this could be an environmental related health issue, given that the only change in your life or lifestyle the timing of this sudden appearance and you’re taking a new job at the building on Goodfellow. The approximate number exposed I do not have, but would guesstimate 100+ (consultants and government employees). I loved my job and my co-workers and really did not want to leave this job for another if possible. However, once I began experiencing ongoing health issues ranging from sinusitis, Otitis media (ear infection), respiratory, etc… When I visited my primary physician, Dr. Koo, on April 20, 2016 to validate my suspicion that I felt my health was declining dramatically in just one year while working at the USDA Rural Development on Goodfellow. My physician compared my frequency and diagnosis’ beginning 2009 to that current day. What the data revealed was that on average I visited Dr. Koo’s office an average of 2 times a year (this included my annual well-woman visit) until February 2015. I began working at this facility on 1/12/2015 and have had 9 doctor’s office visits as of today. The amount of visits for me is extreme and raises questions around what is causing this decline in health when nothing else has changed in my life. All of these visits are around sinus, ear infections, and migraines (never even had headaches before I came to work here). PLEASE send someone to investigate what is going on in this very old building. Also, back in 8/27/2015 there was a treatment truck ‘Coach’s Catastrophe Cleaning & Restoration Services’ that I believe was conducting some type of cleaning activity while everyone was working in the building. I had communicated all of my concerns to the leadership of my current employer (Unisys) in hope that they would pursue further investigation, but to my dismay they turned a blind eye to the entire situation. Once I realized that they were not going to step-up and were more concerned with keeping everything quiet so that their bottom-line was not negatively impacted I realized that I would share all of my communications with all those I knew in the building and asked them to share with everyone they knew — then I resigned. I can share all of my emails with OSHA, as well as all written communications with Unisys leadership/management along with the original pdf’s from OSHA with the exact outcome of their analysis. Please let me know what else I can do to support you in keeping this story moving forward so that those whose health was or will be negatively impacted. Again, thank you so much for your interest in helping all of the victims (including myself) with this travesty.


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