By DR. LAWRENCE WITTNER
Campaigning for the presidency in 2016, Donald Trump promised that, if he was elected, “American worker[s] will finally have a president who will protect them and fight for them.”
Has he kept this promise?
When it comes to protecting workers’ health and safety, his administration has been a disaster:
- Once in office, Trump packed the leadership of U.S. regulatory agencies with pro-corporate zealots, leading to predictable results.
- They repealed an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) rule requiring employers to keep accurate records of injuries.
- Repealed a rule requiring that federal contractors follow safety and labor laws.
- Withdrew an OSHA policy allowing workers to participate in OSHA inspections.
In addition, as the AFL-CIO noted, the Trump administration targeted job safety rules for toxic chemicals, mine examinations, and child labor protections for destruction. It also sharply reduced the number of OSHA inspectors. As of 2019, only 875 were enforcing health and safety regulations nationwide - the lowest level in the agency’s half-century of operation.
Meanwhile, although Trump bragged in June 2019 the wages of American workers “are rising at the fastest rate in many decades,” this claim is far from the truth. In fact, wages rose faster only a few years before, under his predecessor.
Furthermore, an examination of what economists call “real wages” – wages offset by inflation – reveals they remained remarkably stagnant during the Trump era. As the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics later reported, “real” average weekly earnings of American workers rose during 2019 by just one-tenth of one percent.
LOW WAGE STAGNATION
The wage stagnation of the Trump era is particularly hard on America’s vast number of low-paid workers.
According to a Brookings Institution study published in late 2019, 44 percent of U.S. workers (53 million Americans) were employed in low-wage jobs that paid median wages of $18,000 a year. The median is the point where half the group is above and half below.
The report concluded “nearly half of all workers earn wages that are not enough, on their own, to promote economic security.”
Moreover, as BLS data indicates, the percentage of low-wage workers has grown dramatically. Naturally, many of these workers have been forced, by economic necessity, to work two – and sometimes three – jobs to survive.
IMPOVERISHMENT OF AMERICAN WORKERS
The Trump administration bears considerable responsibility for this impoverishment of American workers. It has consistently opposed raising the starvation-level federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, set in 2009.
Indeed, Trump opposes establishing any federal wage minimum and his GOP minions have blocked a minimum wage increase passed in 2019 by the Democratic-controlled House from being introduced in the Senate. In addition, the Trump administration stymied a scheduled pay raise for federal workers and gutted Obama administration rules that made millions of Americans eligible to receive overtime pay for their overtime work.
HEALTHCARE, PENSIONS, SOCIAL SECURITY
Trump has also championed measures to deprive American workers of major healthcare and pension benefits they have funded through their tax payments. Although, during his 2015-16 campaign, Trump promised never to cut Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid, he has repeatedly sought to do so.
On Feb. 8, 2020, he again insisted his new federal budget “will not be touching your Social Security or Medicare.” Only two days later, Trump unveiled a budget that called for cutting Medicare by $500 billion, Medicaid by $900 billion, and Social Security by $24 billion.
WAR ON UNIONS
The Trump administration has also been waging an assault upon Labor unions, which provide the major organizational muscle defending the rights of America’s workers.
Thanks to Trump’s anti-Labor appointments to the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), an agency established in the 1930s to guarantee fair treatment for workers and their unions, it has become ever more difficult for unions to operate.
The NLRB has issued rulings:
- Constraining how and where workers can organize and protest.
- Gerrymandering bargaining units to the benefit of employers.
- Permitting corporations to fire workers in retaliation for union activity.
- Narrowing the right to strike.
Given the NLRB’s pro-corporate bias, even existing Labor organizations – such as unions comprised of graduate student workers – are now being threatened with loss of collective bargaining rights.
In recent decades, as an unrelenting corporate attack has crippled unions in the private sector, big business, the wealthy, and their rightwing allies in public office have turned to destroying the lingering strength of public sector unions.
Working toward this goal, they promoted “right-to-work” laws on the state and national level. These laws, by eliminating the obligation of workers to pay for the union representation they receive, encourage the emergence of millions of “free riders” and, thereby, provide an effective way to undermine unions.
Shortly after Trump’s inauguration, House Republicans re-introduced the National Right to Work Act and, within days, the White House announced the new president’s support for “right-to-work” laws.
JANUS V. AFSCME
Although anti-union forces never managed to push the National Right to Work Act through Congress, they secured an important judicial victory. The corporate-controlled so-called National Right to Work Legal Defense Fund recruited an anti-union Illinois state worker, Mark Janus, to be its front man for the “right-to-work” case of Janus v. AFSCME before the Supreme Court. The “legal defense fund” funded the case all the way through the courts.
Trump’s Justice Department joined the case with an anti-union brief. Then, thanks to Trump’s appointment of Neil Gorsuch, a rightwing ideologue, to the Supreme Court, the court issued a partisan 5-4 ruling, overturning precedent and declaring workers could refuse to pay dues to public sector unions representing them.
WE’RE ON OUR OWN
In the aftermath of the Janus decision, public sector unions worked vigorously – and, in most cases, successfully – to convince workers to pay dues voluntarily. Some surveys show their membership declined.
Whatever the results, and despite opinion polls showing about half of America’s non-unionized workers want to join a union, the Janus decision and the other anti-Labor measures of the Trump administration combined to reduce union membership in the United States to 10.3 percent, its lowest density since the 1920s.
As a New York Times editorial concluded, Trump, as president, has sent “a clear message to American workers: You’re on your own.”
(Dr. Lawrence Wittner is professor of history emeritus at State University of New York at Albany and the author of “Confronting the Bomb,” published by Stanford University Press.)